Primer Construction Manual and Teacher Trainer's Guide
The Multi-Strategy Economy Model (M-SEM) is based on the same philosophy as the Multi-Strategy Method with 2 separate tracks each focusing on different reading and writing strategies (whole language and word building; top-down and bottom-up). However, it integrates the tracks more explicitly. Also it requires fewer materials -- only a set of primers and chalk boards. The M-SEM was designed especially for national propagation, for language areas with lower education, and for those with less economical means. The primers are easy to construct by mother-tongue writers who have experience in writing their language. Teacher training only takes about 1 week because teaching patterns are simple and consistent. Teaching patterns also give flexibility for inconsistent schedules or teaching different age groups. Extra reading materials can be easily incorporated into the method as they become available.